Which Aquarium Fish are Ideal for Beginners?

Before deciding to buy fish for your aquarium, you should make sure that the species is not listed under the protection of CITES, in which Singapore became a member in 1986. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora protects endangered plants and animals from illegal trading.

With that in mind, you should also make a list of the equipment you will need for the tank, but these will depend on the type of fish you want to keep as pets. You should also know which species should not be placed in the same tank with other fish to avoid fighting and overcrowding.

Freshwater Fish for Beginners

If you have no experience with keeping fish as pets, most experts recommend that you start with freshwater fish that do not easily get sick or die because of changing water conditions. However, that doesn’t mean you should neglect your responsibilities in keeping an ideal tank. Here are some of the freshwater fish recommended for beginners.

  1. Gold Fish can survive in water temperatures between 62° to 74° F, but they are messy eaters, that is why changing the water every week is recommended.
  2. White Cloud can survive in water with 60° F temperature, but they like living as a group with other white clouds.
  3. Bloodfin Tetra can live up to 10 years with proper care and are very peaceful. They can survive in temperatures between 64° to 82° F.
  4. Black Molly can live not just in freshwater, but also in saltwater and brackish water.
  5. Danios are a hardy fish and are not picky with their food.
  6. Platies will consume algae, freeze-dried food, and flake food. They are also peaceful and can live in groups.

Saltwater Fish

Keeping saltwater fish is not that difficult once you have learned enough about the species that you want to keep as pets. However, saltwater fish are more sensitive to fluctuations in water chemistry and temperature, that is why you need to be experienced when it comes to handling fish and monitoring water conditions.

  1. Clownfish are not picky with food, but they are usually territorial although not aggressive.
  2. Damselfish are not picky eaters, but you should not keep more than a pair of them in the tank. There are varieties that are aggressive, so be sure to check with the pet shop about the type of damselfish you’re getting.
  3. Firefish are peaceful fish, but they are also known for their ability to tell you that your tank’s quality is diminishing through their dorsal fin.
  4. Wrasse are very large fish and often prefer live food. When purchasing one, ask about the classification and aggressiveness of the fish.
  5. Shrimp are fairly hardy creatures, but they are sensitive to changing nitrate levels, so be careful when using copper to treat your aquarium.
  6. Crabs are also sensitive to changing nitrate levels and copper, but they create variety in your tank.

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What to Do About Age-Related Cataracts?

Cataracts are the clouding of the lens, the part that helps focus the light on the retina, and is primarily caused by aging. It can affect one or both eyes, but will not affect the other eye unlike other visual problems.

The vision becomes blurry because the retina is not able to receive clear images from the light that passes through the lens. Therefore, poor light will also result in blurred vision. Think of your lens as a camera lens that will adjust the focus of a photo.

What can you do to prevent or treat age-related cataracts?

Risk Factors of Cataracts

Although a lot of people claim that age-related cataracts do not appear until old age, some individuals get cataracts as early as 40 and 50 of age. That is because there are other medical conditions and lifestyle practices that will increase the risk of cataracts, such as diabetes, hypertension, obesity, smoking, alcohol abuse, eye injuries, high myopia, and exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light. Age-related cataracts are usually caused by the clumping of proteins in the lens that can grow over time and impair vision.

Symptoms of Cataracts

Individuals who have cataracts will experience blurry vision, cloudy images, faded colors, glare from lights, the appearance of halo around sources of lights, reduced night vision, and multiple images or double vision. Although some of the symptoms may be caused by other conditions, the most obvious sign is looking at objects as if you’re seeing through a cloudy glass.

Types of Cataracts

There are three types of cataracts that you should know about, such as; subcapsular cataract that affects the back of the lens and is often caused by diabetes; the cortical cataract, which affects the lens cortex and results in the appearance of white opacities in the lens; and the nuclear cataract, which affects the nucleus of the lens.

Preventing Cataracts

Cataracts can be prevented with adequate intake of vitamin E, vitamin C, zeaxanthin, omega-3 fatty acids, and lutein. However, studies only show that these nutrients will only reduce the likelihood of having cataracts, but the cause of the condition and how it can be prevented still need further research.

Treatment of Cataracts

When you experience any of the symptoms, you should consult an ophthalmologist in Singapore to get the right treatment as soon as possible. The doctor might prescribe eyeglasses for temporary relief, but if the condition has progressed, surgery is recommended. Cataract surgery is quite successful in restoring good vision by removing the clouded lens and replacing them with an IOL or intraocular lens. Some patients will still need to wear eyeglasses after surgery depending on the type of IOL used.

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10 Worst Sports Injuries that Scar You for Life

There are a lot of successful stories of professional athletes coming back from a horrific injury, but that does not mean they are not changed forever by the experience. The body is not like a mechanical equipment which can be repaired or replaced, because it can wear down over time even with the best treatment.

Here are some injuries which can leave lifelong consequences on the body.

1.  Sprain. Light sprains are usually brushed off, but they actually take long to heal. Remember that the injury is caused by stress to the joints or ligaments, that is why severe sprains require braces. But even then, you are more likely to get sprained again in the same area with severe sprains.

2.  Concussion. This is considered an emergency and has even made some professional athletes retire. If not treated properly, it can even lead to chronic traumatic encephalopathy.

3.  Hamstring Strain. Minor strains can be caused by jumping or sprinting, but it is a recurrent injury that might lead to a major rupture. If it is a recurring injury, it will affect your mobility for the rest of your life.

4.  Meniscus Tear. The meniscus is the cartilage that cushions your thigh bone and shin bone. More pressure and stress on the knee joints will cause wearing on the surface and joint degeneration as you get older.

5.  Stress Fractures. These types of fractures are common in areas of the body that bear the weight such as the wrists and feet. It is also a recurring injury like those on this list, and if not healed properly, can even lead to chronic pain and limited mobility. There are even cases where the fractures don’t heal with repeated injuries.

6.  Patella Dislocation. In simple terms, the name means the dislocation of the kneecap. You can recover from this injury, but that does not guarantee you will not be at risk of a repeat injury. More stress on the knees also out you at risk of permanent kneecap dislocation.

7.  ACL Injuries. Rest and rehabilitation will mostly treat this injury, but if you are a professional athlete, you will want to cut the time it takes to recover. Usually, the pros undergo surgery, but this means that the condition of the knee ligament will never be the same again. Those who have also undergone surgeries to repair the ACL are prone to repeated injuries and therefore more surgical procedures to recover.

8.  Tennis Elbow. This injury can take months or a year to heal that is because the tendons are inflamed from overuse. It can also lead to nerve damage and may become chronic, which is why it must be treated properly to avoid long-term effects, not just the pain.

9.  Sciatica. A person who experiences lower back, buttock, and leg pain might eventually suffer from spinal stenosis if the underlying cause is not treated. It can even lead to paralysis.

10.  Shoulder Dislocation. Once you have experienced this, you are more likely to get you shoulder dislocated again and will even affect the ligaments.

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What is Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome?

Even with care and proper training, it is still possible for some athletes to suffer a form of injury. One of the most common is called the runner’s knee or jumper’s knee, known to doctors as patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS).

Causes of PFPS

PFPS is the most common condition that causes pain around and under the kneecaps in most athletes, but anyone can also get it even those who have a sedentary lifestyle. However, even doctors still cannot pinpoint the exact cause PFPS although it is associated with several factors.

One is overuse of the legs, especially with repetitive stress. This leads to irritation. Second, is injury to the kneecap such as a fracture or a dislocation. Third, surgery on the knees after suffering from an injury can also lead to PFPS. This is especially common in cases where the anterior cruciate ligament is affected because the patellar tendon will be used by the surgeon as graft. Fourth is the muscle weakness or muscle imbalance. Conditions that affect the alignment of the hip and knee muscles increase the risk of getting PFPS.

Sports that require squatting, running, and jumping can especially be hard on the knees. Other factors such as age, gender, and the sport you participate in will also matter. Arthritis increases the risk of PFPS especially in the elderly, although PFPS affects mostly the young and active. Women are also more likely to have PFPS because of the wide pelvis and the subsequent angle alignment to the knee joints.

Symptoms of PFPS

The name patella refers to the area around the kneecap, which means that the pain will be more pronounced as the person walks, runs, walks up or down the stairs, squats, and sits for a prolonged period. The tell-tale sign of PFPS is the dull pain on the front knee.

Sometimes the knees pop or crack when performing any act, but if the person experiences a locking knee joint, this could indicate a different condition called meniscal tear, which is different from PFPS but share the same symptoms. PFPS does not cause excruciating pain that is why most people ignore it and associate it with old age. To diagnose PFPS, the doctor needs to conduct a physical exam through motion exercises. Only will imaging tests be required if some symptoms point to other types of injuries.

Treating PFPS

PFPS is not easy to treat because some patients successfully recover with rest, but there are others who will eventually suffer from permanent pain. In fact, there is no sure method or medication to treat PFPS, that is why it is important that you discuss this openly with your doctor especially if you are an athlete. PFPS is misunderstood even among experts starting with its name.

Conventionally, PFPS is treated through medications, therapy or surgery depending on the severity of the symptoms. Pain relievers may be needed but therapy such as supportive braces, rehabilitation, ice compress, and taping are required. If there is no improvement, surgery such as realignment of the kneecap or arthroscopy to remove damaged cartilage may be necessary.

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Singapore, Shopping Paradise for the Thrifty

For the people who have their eyes set on the good things in life, Singapore may be their paradise. Shopping in Singapore is welcoming to everyone without discrimination of how much are you willing to spend. Before we give you the best places to shop, let’s start by explaining why Singapore is a shopper’s paradise. Way back in history when the trade and discovery was very popular, many different countries found Singapore to be the perfect dock connecting both the western and the south-eastern world.

This was where Singapore started to get its reputation as to becoming the port for everyone and naturally when you are a port, you get access to things from many different cultures and places. This practice kept on going on even up until now that Singapore has become a very successful country when it comes to import, export, and trade.

Here are a few places you might fall in love with:

Orchard Road

The first on our list and the very well deserved place to be a shopping haven is Orchard Road. If you are into thrift shopping or bargain hunting, this is definitely the perfect place for you! Although thrift shopping is not that available, you will be able to bring out that inner bargain hunt as you haggle for the best deals of your life!

Chinatown

A lot of Singaporeans are confused as Chinese and this is because a great number of them are. This is one reason why Chinatown in Singapore is a great place to visit. Artwork, clothing, and food are not just affordable but are also excellent! The humble Chinese artworks can be found just around the block and looking around for clothes would not be a problem as clothing can be found almost everywhere! Now the food in Chinatown is amazing! The taste of an amazing quality home cooked meal made with love and skill can be found in Chinatown.

Haji Lane

For the inner hipster who wants do deviate from conventional clothing and experience every once in a while, Haji Lane is somewhere you can visit as this place is a beautiful place to not just shop but also look around and enjoy the beauty. Don’t forget to take a picture or two as you pass by Haji Lane!

These are but a few magical shopping places in Singapore and to be perfectly fair, you’d have to try them yourself just to experience the magic. You don’t need to overspend in Singapore, you just have to know where to look.

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Finding a Date in Singapore

Finding a date anywhere else in the world can be a really hard task especially if you are a bit timid and not at all used to dating people and Singapore is no different from those places. Well, maybe just a little bit. The western style of dating and the Asian style of dating are naturally very different but Singapore is actually a combination of both. Instead of talking about the differences, let’s talk about what works in the Singapore dating game.

Here are a few things you can do to get a date in Singapore:

Know who to approach

There are people in Singapore who are just not that interested when it comes to dating and although you may think that everyone is approachable and polite, you have to make sure that they are interested. Just like every other place, there are people who are already in a relationship and do not take it very fondly if you randomly approach them even when your intentions is just to start a conversation. Look for people who do not seem like they are preoccupied and who seem more open to starting a conversation rather than randomly targeting anyone who passes by.

Know where to approach people

There are certain places where Singaporeans like to be approached and there are also certain places where Singaporeans do not really enjoy the extra attention. Going to bars or social places is a better place to approach people rather than starting a conversation in a cafe or in random spots across the mall.

Know when to approach people

Singaporeans tend to be very busy and approaching them at a wrong time may lead up to automatic rejection. Approaching Singaporeans after hours is usually a better idea than to approach them at any random time of the day. Although there may be some who enjoy that spontaneous adventure, others do not like it when you are interrupting them.

Know how to approach people

The approach must be simple, casual, but also very confident and less experimental. Going up to a Singaporean and telling them that you were dared to by your friends isn’t really gonna cut it and might give off a negative impression. Compliments are nice but do not overdo them as Singaporeans aren’t used to the whole king and queen style of dating. Instead, be respectful, interesting, but also firm and direct when you are approaching a random person.

It might be a bit difficult to start but once you get going, you’ll find a date in Singapore in no time.

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5 Critical DIY Mistakes You Should Avoid at All Costs

Creating or even renovating your dream home can be exciting, but before you proceed and get carried away, there are some things you need to keep in mind – and among these are the things you should avoid doing when renovating.

Here are five DIY mistakes you should be aware of when making changes to your new HDB flat in Singapore:

1. Blindly following interior design trends

Popular trends come and go, and what’s “in” may not always be popular after a few years.

Unless you want to have a really specific design or aesthetic in mind, consider adding these themes only in small parts to make sure that you don’t have to do anything major. The best way to do this is by incorporating certain accessories or paints only at certain areas in your home.

2. Overlooking small mistakes

If you can see these mistakes, there’s a good chance everyone else will. So whether they are small planning mistakes or ergonomic problems with your design, be sure to fix them as soon as possible.

You should also make it a point to minimize injuries. No matter how small it may be, always invest in safety equipment and read the labels and instruction manuals before doing anything, and if it’s beyond your expertise, call a professional to help.

3. Starting without a plan

DIY projects are unlike other types of projects that allow you to work on the fly – every mistake or wrong measurement will cost you money, resources, and time that are better spent on other, more crucial aspects of your DIY home renovation.

To avoid this, you need an action plan that has all the necessary equipment, materials, and the measurements you need for your project from start to finish. This not only lets you know what to do at every step, but also minimizes any errors you might encounter.

4. Not making the right measurements

Mistakes cost money, and if you don’t want to be stuck doing everything multiple times, whether it’s cutting floor tiles or applying laminate flooring, you need to make sure you have the right measurements for every last detail.

To avoid this mistake, follow the old carpentry adage: “measure twice, cut once”.

5. Saving money on tools and materials

DIY may be a great way to save money by doing things on your own, but it doesn’t mean buying every tool or piece of equipment you need on the cheap.

In fact, because you want to be able to do quality work, you should invest in the tools that you need to get the job done as smoothly as possible. The same goes with materials, such as drywall, plaster, or even paints and tiles.

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How to Deodorize Your Home for Good in Four Easy Steps

Nobody wants to mention having to deal with bad smells at home, but it happens even with the best of us – and that talking about them is important.

This is because these bad odors can be caused by all kinds of problems, from animals to food, and that air freshener isn’t the one-stop solution but only masks the smell.

Instead of doing that, you will need to solve these problems by getting rid of the cause – and that usually means cleaning up your home.

Here’s how you can deodorize your home for good:

            1. Get rid of kitchen odors

Your kitchen trash can will easily be the cause of bad odors from all kinds of food spills and waste. Aside from keeping the lid covered, you should also clean out the inside every other time using laundry detergent and water, and allow it to air dry fully.

Another thing that you should do is to line the inside of your trash can with a garbage bag. This will keep the inside clean while making it easy for you to keep your trash in one place.

            2. Clear out your closet

Old furniture and cabinets can exhibit that familiar musty smell. To get rid of it, simply crinkled up newspaper dipped in white vinegar inside each musty drawer or furniture compartment.

Leave it for a few days to absorb the odor and get rid of the smell. You can also keep it from smelling by placing scented dryer sheets or silica gel packs to draw out moisture (just replace the latter every other month).

            3. Keep your toilet clean

When it comes to cleaning toilets, all you need to do is follow this simple rule on thumb: clean them up using toilet bowl cleaner before they start looking dirty. You should also add a half-cup of bleach to the water after cleaning.

Scrubbing the grouting using water mixed with a small amount of bleach can also do a lot to get rid of any musty smells or odors.

            4. Freshen up your bedroom

There’s nothing worse than coming back to your room only to have it smell like a dead animal decomposing. Fortunately, you can get rid of this smell by simply pouring distilled white vinegar in a plastic container and punch a few holes in its lid before leaving it in your room for a few days.

While it might start to smell like salad at first, the odors will subside after a few days because of the vinegar absorbing the odors.

You can also do this for your living room if you somehow find any strange odors that still fill up the area no matter how hard you try to look for the source.

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6 Trendy Decorating Tips for Millennials

Millennials are creative individuals by nature. These people are known for thinking outside the box and going beyond the traditions. When it comes to decorating their homes, the millennial signature includes combining functional elements to create a unique looking space with personality.

Although we’re no professional interior designers, we get the gist of what actually is #homegoals by simply letting our feelings guide every design choice to make.

  1. Install multipurpose furniture

For limited spaces, storage is key. Get a furniture that serves more than just one purpose to take up less space at home. For instance, instead of the traditional chair, get an upholstered ottoman that can serve as a chair and storage. Get it in size that allows you to easily tuck it under a table.

  • Frame up any art

Expensive framed paintings and photographs are great décor pieces, but any art are just as good as long as you use them tastefully. You have an abstract you want to display or a photo taken from a recent trip? Blow it up into a bigger image and then have it framed, so you can hang it on your living room wall.

  • Add an accent wall…

One simple way to transform a dry looking room is to simply create an accent wall. No need to paint an entire wall. You can use temporary wallpaper, which you can easily replace when you want to spruce up your home again. Choose only one wall in every space to serve as an accent wall, and leave everything else neutral to let that pop of color shine out.

  • …or go for textured wall

If a colorful wall isn’t the accent you like, go for textured wall instead. You can go with suble, textured sorts like embossed and three-dimensional wallpapers. They look fun and unique and add interest to the visual appeal of the room.

  • Invest on detachable pieces

Another excellent space-saving technique among millennials is using transformable or detachable furniture. These are preferred pieces to have at home since they take up spaces only when you’re using them. For example, instead of a typical work table, why not install a wall-mounted drop-leaf table? It’s a space saver, since you’d only have to pull it up whenever necessary and you can simply move any chair over when you have some work to do.

  • Get cozy

After a long, busy day, what we love most is to just relax in our own sanctuaries. To create a cozy and intimate atmosphere, scatter some comfy cushions in the living room and use a variety of texture and textiles that exude warmth and comfort.

A millennial home is more than just looking trendy. Above all, they are designed with great functionality in mind, without compromising style and comfort.

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